ETEPEK

From home gardeners up to professionals

About ETEPEK

High quality Baltic peat moss manufacturer.

 

Company is mainly involved in export business of natural and professional peat moss substrates including Asia, United Arab Emirates and South America markets.

ETEPEK produce high quality peat moss products with environmentally friendly methods. Company customers are from hobby markets, green houses, nurseries and substrate producing factories which acquire our high quality peat moss for their product development.

Highest quality products

Great logistics service

Produced by EN1280 standard

Individual approach

What is sphagnum peat

Peat is formed during the natural death and incomplete decomposition of bog plants, under conditions of abundant moisture and incomplete oxygen supply. The peat of high bogs is formed by the plants growing in it, mainly various mosses. About 95% of the volume of moss peat is pores. The small pores are filled with water, but the coarse ones are filled with air, so peat provides an ideal water and air regime for plant roots. Peat deposits are 6–12 thousand years old, and it turns out that 1 mm of the current peat layer formed during the year. Peat is formed under anaerobic conditions and is sterile. It is acidic, with a low nutrient content, so by adding liming material to peat, as well as NPK fertilizers and other additives, it is a high-quality material for soil improvement.

Peat characteristics

Peat is divided into types, subtypes, groups and types if peat is not formed but is not formed. Peat is an organic rock formed from bog plants.


High bog peat. It originates from plants that are adapted to growth or nutrients in a poor environment and is deprived of food received by atmospheric precipitation.

The main plant is a variety of mosses.

Peat from moss is low in minerals and has a high acidity of pH / 2,6-3.2.


Low bog peat. This type of peat deposits can be found in the lower parts of the terrain, where groundwater, rain, river and lake water for mineral and lime flows into it. Grasses, shrubs, trees grow well here and mineral-rich peat layers are formed –

pH / KCl 4.5–6.5.


Another and also transitional bog peat. It is made up of the destruction of trees, shrubs, sedges and sphagnum. Transitions to peat and average mineral content,

pH / KCl 3.4-4.2.

Peat humification

Low decomposed peat is H1 – H3, but strongly decomposed peat is H4 – H6 (according to the Post scale). Only poorly decomposed peat can be used as a plant growing substrate. Heavily decomposed peat can be used to improve soil properties as a source of organic matter. Such peat has a very low air capacity – only 6-14% by volume. As the mineral content increases, the content of organic matter and nitrogen, as well as the moisture capacity decreases. This also reduces the positive effects of peat on soil properties.

Results of peat use in soil improvement

The volume of pores in the soil and changes after the addition of peat are very important. The pores vary in size. There are so-called pores containing air and water.

It is best for plants if these pores break down similarly in volume.

Under these conditions, the plant receives both water and oxygen equally well.

By mixing peat with both sand and clay soils, the number of pores containing water and air increases significantly. The supply of oxygen and water to plants is dramatically improved. Improving the water supply also contributes to the supply of nutrients and encourages faster plant growth.


To ensure good soil properties, 30 l of neutralized peat is needed per 1 m2 or 300 m3 per 1 ha. It provides a 3 cm thick layer of peat. From this amount of peat, 2.4 kg / m2 of organic matter is obtained, which, when further decomposed, forms soil humus.

Under natural conditions, peat degrades very slowly, but when mixed with soil,

this process is accelerated. Bacteria are a very important agent of peat biodegradation. They use not only nitrogen but also carbon to synthesize proteins. Bacteria need one part nitrogen per 30-35 parts of pulp. This nitrogen is bound for a period of time in bacterial cells that contain more than 10% nitrogen.

Peat is rich in cellulose and hemicellulose, so it has a wide carbon to nitrogen ratio.

At the beginning of peat use, microorganisms bind a lot of nitrogen, especially in the first two months, but later it is released.